HTML> Galadriel: Known Facts & History

The Galadriel Factsheet

Galadriel's Heraldic Device

Detail of Nasmith painting.Kindred: Noldor
Mother-name: Nerwen (man-maiden)
Father-name: Artanis (noble-woman)
Use-names: Altariel (maiden crowned with radiant garland), Galadriel, Sindarin form of Altariel.

Grandparents: Finwë (King of the Noldor of the West) and Indis (and Miriel), Olwë and his unnamed wife.

Mother: Eärwen, daughter of Olwe, king of Alqualondë

Father: Finarfin, son of Finwë, youngest half-brother of Fëanor.

Siblings: Finrod (King of Nargothrond, killed in Minas Tirith, protecting Beren), Orodreth (second King of Nargothrond, killed during the fall of Nargothrond), Angrod, Aegnor (both killed in the Battle of Sudden Flame). It is said that Finrod was the 'nearest to her heart' of all her siblings. [1]

Uncles: Fëanor, Fingolfin.

Aunts: By marriage: Nerdanel, and Fingolfin's wife.

Cousins: Fingon (High King of the Noldor of the North), Turgon (King of Gondolin), Aredhel. By marriage: Elenwe (Turgon's wife) and Eöl. (Note: Aredhel's marriage to Eöl has two versions: one, in which she was wed by force and held captive. In the second, she is described as being 'not entirely unwilling.')

Second cousins: Ereinion Gil-Galad, Idril, Maeglin. By marriage: Tuor.

Nieces/nephews: Findulias.

Past suitor(s): Celebrimbor.

Spouse: Celeborn of Doriath.

Children: Celebrían. {Note: an early writing lists Amroth as Galadriel's son. This was later abandoned, leaving Galadriel with only one child, a daughter.} Son-in-law: Elrond Half-Elven

Grandchildren: Elladan, Elrohir, Arwen.

Artifacts of Note: the Elessar, the Mirror of Galadriel, the Phial of Galadriel, Nenya.

Galadriel is, unquestionably, one of Tolkien's most complicated characters. A late addition to the backstory of Middle-Earth,[2] she is related by blood or marriage to just about all the powerful figures in the history of Middle-Earth. Due to her great age, she was present or somehow connected to all of the great events chronicled in Tolkien's writings of Middle-Earth.

Born in Valinor, during the Time of the Trees, she is older than the Sun and the Moon. She was the only daughter of Finwë and Eärwen. Her Teleri blood came from her mother (and would later allow her admission into Doriath), and Vanyar blood from her grandmother, Indis.

Galadriel stood as tall as the men of the Noldor. Aside from her height, her most striking feature was her hair: golden like her father's, but with a richer sheen. It was said the light of the two Trees had been caught in the strands. Three times, her kinsman Fëanor asked her for a lock of hair, and three times she refused him. This sparked an enmity between them that never faded. Galadriel and Fëanor were held as the greatest of the Noldor. While he excelled in things of craft, she possessed greater wisdom.

Tolkien gives very little information on her youth, only that she could hold her own among the loremasters and athletes of Valinor. In her youth, she was instructed by powerful Valar: Yavanna and Aulë. Galadriel quickly reached the limits of what the Valar would teach her, and she became restless in Valinor, wanting a land and domain of her own.

After the destruction of the Trees, Galadriel was the only Noldori woman present at Tuna, and bore witness to Fëanor's great oath. Though she did not swear to join Fëanor on his quest for vengeance, she was eager to leave Valinor and seek her own domain in Middle-Earth for "...the words of Fëanor concerning Middle-earth had kindled in her heart."[3]

That desire turned to a fierce determination to thwart Fëanor and his plans after the Kinslaying at Alqualonde. As she later told Melian, she did not kill Teleri Elves, but fought to defend her mother's people. This may mean that she killed other Noldor in defense of the Teleri, who were armed only with light bows against the Fëanorians' swords.


relent, but rejected the last message of the Valar, and came under the Doom of Mandos. Even after the merciless assault upon the Teleri and the rape of their ships, though she fought fiercely against Fëanor in defence of her mother's kin, she did not turn back. --Unfinished Tales, "THG&C"

Yes, Galadriel fought at Alqualonde. She also endured the horrors of the Helcaraxë, leading the Noldor along with Finrod, Fingon and his sons. And so she made her way to Middle-earth at the beginning of the First Age.

Galadriel first came to live in Doriath, the realm of her kinsman, Thingol. (He was her mother's uncle.) At this point, Tolkien's intentions are a trifle unclear. According to the Silmarillion, Galadriel met Celeborn for the first time in Doriath[4] (and received the name 'Galadriel' from him). The version given in the Unfinished Tales says she brought her husband Celeborn with her to Doriath.[5]

Melian became her mentor, and she learned much from the Maia.

The Noldor were pardoned at the close of the First Age, but...
For love of Celeborn, who would not leave Middle-earth (and probably with some pride of her own, for she had been one of those eager to adventure there), she did not go West at the Downfall of Melkor, but crossed Ered Lindon with Celeborn and came into Eriador. When they entered that region there were many Noldor in their following, together with Grey-Elves and Green-Elves; and for a while they dwelt in the country about Lake Nenuial (Evendim, north of the Shire). Celeborn and Galadriel came to be regarded as Lord and Lady of the Eldar in Eriador...But eventually Galadriel became aware that Sauron again, as in the ancient days of the captivity of Melkor, had been left behind. Or rather, since Sauron had as yet no single name, and his operations had not been perceived to proceed from a single evil spirit, prime servant of Melkor, she perceived that there was an evil controlling purpose abroad in the world, and that it seemed to proceed from a source further to the East, beyond Eriador and the Misty Mountains. --Unfinished Tales, "THG&C"
Just as Tolkien never reached a firm decision about Celeborn's origins, so he never reached a firm decision about Galadriel and Celeborn's movements during the Second Age. In one version of the tale, the two of them founded Eregion, where the Rings of Power were eventually made. Centuries later, Sauron arrived in disguise and turned many of the Elves against them, at which point they relocated to "Lórinand," a pre-existing settlement of Sindarin and Noldorin Elves. In fact, at no time did Tolkien ever consider Lórien to have been founded by Galadriel; in every version of the tale she simply adopted it as her home. Yet she also continued to travel; it was during one of her visits to Rivendell that Elrond fell in love with her daughter Celebrían.

Now Celebrimbor was not corrupted in heart or faith, but had accepted Sauron as what he posed to be; and when at length he discovered the existence of the One Ring he revolted against Sauron, and went to Lórinand to take counsel once more with Galadriel. They should have destroyed all the Rings of power at this time, "but they failed to find the strength." Galadriel counselled him that the Three Rings of the Elves should be hidden, never used, and dispersed, far from Eregion where Sauron believed them to be. It was at that time that she received Nenya, the White Ring, from Celebrimbor, and by its power the realm of Lórinand was strengthened and made beautiful; but its power upon her was great also and unforseen, for it increased her latent desire for the Sea and for return into the West, so that her joy in Middle-earth was diminished. --Unfinished Tales, "THG&C"

The White Council was formed in 2463 -- ironically, the same year the One Ring was found by a pair of halflings in the Gladden Fields.
But at length the Shadow returned and its power increased; and in that time was first made the Council of the Wise that is called the White Council, and therein were Elrond and Galadriel and Círdan, and other lords of the Eldar, and with them were Mithrandir and Curunír. And Curunír (that was Saruman the White) was chosen to be their chief, for he had most studied the devices of Sauron of old. Galadriel indeed had wished that Mithrandir should be the head of the Council....The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
    

"I will diminish, and go into the West, and remain Galadriel.'"

At that moment, it seems that the Ban was lifted against Galadriel. At the farewell feast for the Fellowship, she speaks the following words to Celeborn:

Galadriel was permitted to sail West, as a reward for her long struggle against Morgoth and his servants (especially Sauron), and for ultimately proving herself by refusing to take up the One Ring. Celeborn remains in Middle-Earth when Galadriel sails, eventually going to live in Rivendell with his grandsons. At some point in the Fourth Age, however, he sails West, and is reunited with Galadriel and his daughter.

Genealogies

          [Galadriel]                                                                    [Celeborn]
Olwë [King of Alqualonde]                         Elmo of Doriath (brother of Elwë and Olwë)
 m. ?                                                                                           m. ?
      |                                                                                             |
*Eärwen                                                                              Galadhon
      m. Finarfin                                                                            m. ?                                                                         
       |                                                                                             |
*Finrod Orodreth Angrod Aegnor *Artanis                   Celeborn   Galathil
                 m ?                                     m. Celeborn           m.  Artanis        m. ?     
                  |                                                        |                                                  |                                                               
            Findulias                                       Celebrían                                  Nimloth
                                                                          m. Elrond                                 m. Dior
                                                                           |                                                            	                             
                                                         Elladan Elrohir *Arwen
Related Families
Finwë (King of the Noldor in Aman)
m. *Míriel                                                          m. Indis of the Vanyar
|                                                                                     |                          |
Fëanor                                                               Fingolfin                  Finarfin
m. Nerdanel                                                            m. ?                        m. Eärwen 
      |                                                                                |                                                                               
Maglor                                                    Fingon  Turgon   Aredhel 
Maedhros                                              m. ?    m. Elenwe   m. Eöl
Curufin  m. ? --Celebrimbor                      |              |               |
Curuthin                                           *Gil-Galad  *Idril         Maeglin
Celegorm                                                              m. Tuor
Amrad                                                                          |
Amras                                                                     Eärendil
                                     m. Elwing        
*Elwë [King of Doriath]                                          
m. Melian the Maia                         
       |                                                          
*Lúthien                                      
m. *Beren                                             
     |                                                              
 *Dior                                                   
m. Nimloth                                                                  
    |                                                                                                                    
Elurid Eluchil Elwing 
                              m. Eärendil  
                                     |   
                             *Elros   Elrond  (the Peredhil)
                                m ?               m. Celebrían
                                 |
                      *Vardamir  Tindomiel  Manwendil  Atanalcar


Key: 
* indicates person is known by other names
m. indicates "married"
| indicates line of descent, "children"
? indicates name unknown

Other Names

Tolkien's Elves have a variety of names. In the interest of being thorough:

Aredhel: ('Noble Elf') called Ar-Feniel, the White Lady of the Noldor, the White Lady of Gondolin.
Artanis: called Nerwen, Altariel, known most commonly as Galadriel, the Sindarin form of Altariel. Also called (by Men) the Lady of the Golden Wood, the Sorceress of the Golden Wood.
Arwen: ('Noble Maiden') called Undomiel, the Evenstar.
Beren: Called 'One-handed' after his capture of a Silmaril. An Edain of the House of Bëor, the son of Barathir, and a friend of Finrod.
Dior: Called 'Elu's Heir,' and carried the sobriquet, 'the Beautiful'.
Eärendil: ('Sea-lover') called the Mariner, first to be called Peredhel. As bearer of the Silmaril and after his journey to Valinor: the Gil-Estel.
Eärwen: ('Sea-madien') called the Swan-maiden of Alqualondë.
Elros: ('Star-foam') called Tar-Minyatur, as first king of Númenor. With Elrond, called the Peredhil, the Half-Elven.
Elwë: known more commonly as Thingol, also Elu Singollo.
Ereinion: ('Scion of Kings') known more commonly as Gil-Galad.
Finrod: called Felagund, the 'cave-hewer,' for building the Elven realm of Nargothrond. It's believed the Dwarves gave him this name. Beloved of Amarie of the Vanyar.
Idril: called Celebrindal, 'Silverfoot.' The Quenya form of her name is
Lúthien: ('Blossom') called Tinuviel, 'Daughter of Twilight,' the nightengale.
Miriel: ('Jewel-madien') called Serinde, 'the broidress,' then Firiel, 'she-who-sighed.' Later, she became handmaiden of Vaire the Weaver, the only embodied being to serve in that House.
Vardamir: ('Jewel of Varda') called Nolímon, second king of Númenor.

Timeline

The timeline for Galadriel's life is complex. It makes more mention of Galadriel's peers and kin than it does the woman herself. As she was connected in one way or another to many of the pivotal people of Middle-Earth, and is one of the oldest Elves still living after the War of the Ring, Galadriel's history involves much of Middle-Earth's history.

Age of the Trees

1362: Artanis (Galadriel) is born to Finarfin and Eärwen in Valinor

1495: Death of the Trees

Between the Age of the Trees and the First Age:

First Age of the Sun

1: Fingolfin's host reached Middle-Earth with the rising of the Sun.

7: Fingolfin takes on the kingship of the Noldor after Fëanor's House is dispossessed.

8-49: At some point, Galadriel enters Doriath. She either meets Celeborn there, or brings him with her.

50: Sites of what will be Gondolin and Nargothrond are discovered.

116: Gondolin is built, Turgon rules as its king. Sometime between now and 319, Aredhel vanishes from Gondolin.

320: Maeglin born to Aredhel and Eöl.

343: Maeglin and Aredhel escape to Gondolin. Eöl pursues them. Aredhel dies, and Eöl is sentenced to death.

361: Andreth is born. Sometime between 376 and the early 380's, Andreth and Aegnor meet and fall in love.

409: The Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth.

405-454: During this time, Ereinion Gil-Galad is born.

455: The Dagor Bragollach, the Battle of Sudden Flame. Angrod and Aegnor die in the first wave. Due to his love for the mortal woman, Andreth, Aegnor vows never to leave the Halls of Mandos, or seek rebirth.

511: Fall of Gondolin. Turgon dies. Maeglin dies. Idril escapes with her infant son, Earendil.

At the end of the First Age, the Noldor are pardoned, but Galadriel refuses to return. She is the only one of Finarfin's children to survive in Middle-Earth.

The Choice of Elrond and Elros is made.

Second Age of the Sun

1: Founding of the Grey Havens and Lindon.

700: Galadriel, Celeborn, and a host of Noldor and Sindarin Elves settle in Eregion.

750: Building of Ost-in-Edhil

1000: Sauron begins building Barad-dur.

1375: Celebrimbor revolts against Galadriel and Celeborn's rule. Galadriel leaves Ost-in-Edhil. Between now and 1400, Galadriel journeys through Khazad-dum and into Lorinand.

1500: The smiths of Eregion begin forging the Great Rings. Sauron-as-Annatar leaves Eregion.

1590: The Three are completed.

1600: The One Ring is forged. The Smiths of Eregion learn they've been betrayed.

1601: Celebrimbor leaves Eregion with the Three and goes to Galadriel in Lorinand. They are unable to destroy them, and Galadriel advises they be hidden and never used. Galadriel receives Nenya at this time.

1693: War between Elves and Sauron.

1697: Fall of Eregion. Celebrimbor dies by torture, revealing the whereabouts of the Seven, but not the Three. Elrond retreats with surviving Noldor, founds Imladris.

1710: Galadriel seeks for Celeborn at Imladris.

2251: First appearance of the Ringwraiths.

3438: Last Alliance of Men and Elves. Battle of Dagorlad, death of Amdir.

3441: Battle at Orodruin, death of Ereinion Gil-Galad.

Third Age of the Sun

100: Celebrían weds Elrond

139: Elladan and Elrohir born.

241: Arwen is born.

1981: Nimrodel vanishes, Amroth lost at sea.

2463: The White Council meets. Galadriel wishes for Gandalf to head the Council, but he demurs. Saruman takes the role of leader of the White Council. The One Ring is found by Deagol, who is killed for it by his friend, Smeagol.

2509: Celebrían is attacked en route to Lorien. She is rescued by her sons, and Elrond treats her poisoned wound.

2510: Haunted by her ordeal, Celebrían sails West.

2851: Second meeting of the White Council.

2941: The White Council attack Dol Guldur, Sauron keeps to his plan and moves to Mordor.

2953: Curunir (Saruman) lies to the Council, saying the One Ring is most likely at the bottom of the sea. He secretly directs his minions to begin searching the Gladden Fields.

2980: Aragorn enters Lorien, with Galadriel's permission. He meets Arwen again. The two plight troth. Aragorn gives her the silver ring of Barahir, the heirloom given to him by Elrond.

3009: The Shadow lengthens, Elrond call Arwen home to Imladris. Possibly at this time, Arwen leaves the Elessar with Galadriel, that it may then be bestowed on Aragorn as familial recognition of their betrothal. (Galadriel would stand in for Celebrían, her daughter and Arwen's mother.)

3019: Frodo and the Fellowship in Lorien. Frodo uses Galadriel's Mirror.

--March 11: first assault on Lothlorien

--March 15: second assault on Lothlorien.

--March 22: third and final assault on Lothlorien.

--March 28: Celeborn and Galadriel take Dol Guldur. Galadriel levels it, by unknown means.

3021: Galadriel, with the other Ringbearers, sails West. Celeborn remains behind.

Fourth Age of the Sun

Celeborn goes to live at Imladris with Elladan and Elrohir. He eventually sails West and rejoins Galadriel.

Artifacts of Note

Galadriel has (or had) a number of mystical objects in her possession during her long life in Middle-Earth. Chief among these are the Elessar, the Mirror of Galadriel, the Phial of Galadriel, and Nenya.

The Elessar
Also called, 'The Stone of Eärendil.'

The Elessar One early incarnation of the Elessar's history states it was made by Fëanor, who then gave it to Maedhros. It was called the 'Green Stone of Fëanor' then.[] Maedhros later gave the stone to his dear friend, Fingon. It would appear Tolkien abandoned this possible history for the Elessar early on.

There are two tales of how this jewel came to be in Galadriel's possession. In one, the Elessar was made by a jewel-smith of Gondolin named Enerdhil. A lover of green, growing things, Enerdhil wanted to capture the light of the Sun shining through green leaves within a gem. Once completed, this jewel allowed anyone who looked through it to see things that were withered or burned healed again, or as they were in the grace of their youth.' It also gave healing powers to whoever held it.

Enerdhil gave the Elessar to Idril Celebrindal, who bore it safely away from the sack of Gondolin. Before she set sail for the West, Idril passed the jewel to her son, Eärendil. The Elessar was believed to have helped Elendil maintain a time of peace and healing among his people in Sirion. (It should be noted these attributes were later assigned to the Silmaril of Dior, which survived in Elwing's possession.) When Eärendil sailed West himself, he took the Elessar with him. At this point, there is no clear description of the Elessar, only that Earendil's earliest memory is seeing Idril wearing it as she bent over his cradle.

In the Third Age, the Elessar returned to Middle-earth, first in the keeping of the Maia, Olorin. He and Galadriel were walking one day in the southern part of Greenwood the Great. Galadriel told him how it grieved her to see the growing things around her wither and die, having lived in the unchanging beauty of Valinor.

He presented her with the Elessar, saying it had been given to him by the Valier, Yavanna. He warned her then that the stone was not for her to keep, but to safeguard, until its true owner presented himself. She would know him, Olorin said, because he would bear the same name as the stone: Elessar.

The second version of the tale begins with Galadriel discussing the fading of the world with Celebrimbor.

Tolkien appears to have combined parts of both these tales, leaving us with this speech in Fellowship of the Ring:

       "Yet maybe this will lighten your heart," said Galadriel, "for it was left 
       in my care to be given to you, should you pass through this land." 
       Then she lifted  from her lap a great stone of a clear green, set in a 
       silver brooch that was wrought in the likeness of an eagle with out-
       spread wings; and as she held it up the gem flashed like the sun 
       shining through the leaves of spring. "This stone I gave to Celebrían 
       my daughter, and she to hers; and now it comes to you as a token of 
       hope. In this hour take the name that was foretold for you, Elessar, the 
       Elfstone, of the house of Elendil!" []

There is no mention of the Fëanorian origin of the Elessar in Fellowhip, nor does Enerdhil appear anywhere else in Tolkien's writings.

Mirror of Galadriel

Detail of Galadriel's Mirror

Logic would dictate that the Mirror was not created until Galadriel and Celeborn came to live permanently in Lothlorien. It was located in an enclosed garden, on the southern slope of Calas Galadon, the chief city of the Galadhrim. A description of the Mirror:

"At the bottom, [of a long flight of steps] upon a low pedestal carved like a branching tree, stood a basin of silver, wide and shallow, and beside it stood a silver ewer."

The Mirror basin was filled with water from a nearby stream. There is no account in Tolkien's writings of anyone using the Mirror without Galadriel present. Indeed, pouring the water and breathing on its surface seems to be the process that starts the 'magic.' Touching the surface of the water after this disrupts the process, per Galadriel's warning to Frodo and Sam.

Galadriel used the Mirror for scrying, which is a form of divination. She could command the Mirror show her certain things, or show others what they desired to see. The Mirror's greatest strength, however, lay in what it could reveal without bending to the will of the viewer. "...those are often stronger and more profitable than things whic we wish to behold...it shows things that were, and things that are, and things that yet may be."

Phial of Galadriel
Also called, "The Light of Eärendil, the star-glass"

The Phial of Galadriel

Galadriel's parting gift to Frodo when the Ringbearer left Lorien. The Phial is a small crystal container that holds water from Galadriel's fountain in Lothlorien. The light of Eärendil (and thus one of the Silmarils of Fëanor) is said to be captured in this water. "She [Galadriel] held up a small crystal phial: it glittered as she moved it, and rays of light sprang from her hand."

The Phial was imagined as a light of great power and potency. [] Its light renewed hope in Frodo's heart when he and Sam were trapped in Shelob's lair. The strength of the hallowed light aided Sam in passing through the barrier between the Two Watchers. and enter the tower where Frodo was held prisoner (though not unnoticed).

Like many of the great artifacts of the Elves (the Three Rings, and the Stone of Elendil), it passes over the Sea, and is lost to Middle-Earth when the Ringbearers sail West. Tolkien gives no other detailed information about the Phial. It may have been created before the Third Age, as Tolkien states the Elves 'made nothing new' in this Age.

Three Elven Rings

clockwise from the left: Narya, Vilya, Nenya

Nenya, the Ring of Water
(also called the Ring of Adamant, and the White Ring)

One of the Three Elven Rings of Power, Nenya is described as being made of mithril ('true silver'), set with a white stone that glittered 'like a frosty star.' Adamant is another word for 'diamond,' so Nenya is a diamond solitaire.

Nenya was forged by Celebrimbor, Fëanor's grandson, in the land of Eregion.

By an unknown art, Galadriel concealed the Ring from direct sight. Frodo, in Lorien, could see it only because he bore the One Ring, and had seen the Eye (of Sauron). Sam, standing right beside Frodo, could not see it at all. Until the end of the Third Age, it was not known who were the Three Keepers.

Nenya's exact powers are unknown. Sauron sought the Three because of their power to forestall decay, but it is not known whether all three Rings had this power, or if each Ring possessed one aspect of it. While Galadriel wore the Ring, the realm of Lothlorien was preserved. Galadriel focused her power through Nenya, using it to bolster Lorien's defenses. The Unfinished Tales gives us this glimpse of Nenya's power:

       As they drew nearer they saw that the white mist was driving back the 
       glooms of Dol Guldur, and soon they passed into it, riding slowly at 
       first and warily; but under its canopy all things were lit a clear and 
       shadowless light, while to left and right they were guarded as it were 
       by white walls of secrecy.

After the destruction of the One Ring, Galadriel is said to have 'thrown down' the fortress of Dol Guldur. It may be she used what was left of Nenya's power to accomplish this--although this contradicts the statement that after the Ruling Ring's destruction, the Three lost their power. Tolkien does not state exactly how Galadriel accomplished the destruction of Dol Guldur.

The evolution of Nenya is complex. Originally, the Three Elven Rings were the Rings of Sea, Sky, and Earth. (Galadriel's Ring was, surprisingly, the Ring of Earth.)

Verses by or for Galadriel

Galadriel's Lament in Lorien: (Fellowship of the Ring, p. 445)

"I sang of leaves of gold..." (Fellowship of the Ring, p. 439)

Gandalf's Verse in praise of Galadriel in Rohan (The Two Towers, p. 140)

Works Cited:

[1] J.R.R. Tolkien, Unfinished Tales of Numenor and Middle-Earth, Christopher Tolkien, (Ed.) p.

[2] J.R.R. Tolkien, The Shaping of Middle-Earth, History of Middle-Earth, Vol. 4. Christopher Tolkien (Ed.), Ballantine Books, New York, 1986. p. 237, p. 223

[3] J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Flight of the Noldori," The Silmarillion,

Fellowship of the Ring, p. 427

FotR, p. 428

Ibid, p. 442

Bibliography

The Encyclopedia of Arda Entries: "Galadriel," "Nenya," "Elessar," "Mirror of Galadriel,"
http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/default.htm [29 Oct. 2002]

The Journey of Galadriel

Official website for the Lord of the Rings films by Peter Jackson.

The Scrolls of Orthanc Essay on the Rings of Power

J.R.R. Tolkien, Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring

J.R.R. Tolkien, Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, Ballantine Books, 1982, New York. p. 389

J.R.R. Tolkien, Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King
--The Tale of Years

J.R.R.Tolkien, The Return of Sauron, History of Middle-earth, Vol. VI, Christopher Tolkien (Ed.)

J.R.R.Tolkien, The Treason of Isengard. History of Middle-Earth, Vol. VII, Tolkien, Christopher (Ed.)

J.R.R. Tolkien, The War of the Jewels, History of Middle-Earth, Vol. XI . ed. Christoper Tolkien. pp. 176-7

Tolkien, J.R.R., The Silmarillion, Tolkien, Christopher (Ed.) pp. 61, 83-4, 90, 114-5, 126-8, 130, 144, 169, 234, 254, 298-300, 305-6, 321, 325, 327, 331, 338, 343, 351, 353, 360
--references to Nenya:
288, 331, 343, 347, 362

Tolkien, J.R.R., Unfinished Tales of Númenor and Middle-Earth Tolkien, Christopher (Ed.)
--"The History of Galadriel and Celeborn"
--"The Elessar,"
pp. 248-52
--"Ciorn and Eorl"

"Tolkien's Timeline : Age of the TreesTimeline of Tolkien's Middle-Earth http://www.geocities.com/Area51/Corridor/8611/tolk_0.htm [29 Oct. 2002]

Art Credits

Art images on this page are copyright their respective owners. No challenge to said copyright is intended.

The emblem of Galadriel is found in The Art of the Lord of the Rings. Other heraldic devices of Tolkien's Elves can be found here:

Detail of Galadriel Leads the Hobbits to the Mirror by Tim Nasmith. More of Nasmith's art.

The image of the Elessar was found online, on a fan-site. Unfortunately, the site itself was not in English, nor could I find a way to translate it. The image and the object itself is presumed © to the photographer and craftsperson(s) responsible.

Detail of The Mirror of Galadriel, by David Wyatt. Full-size image at Rolozo Tolkien.

Image of the Phial of Galadriel, from The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, © New Line Cinema.

Image of the Three Elven Rings, from The Lord of the Rings: the Fellowship of the Rings. © New Line Cinema  2NAVSVERS2AOp3X/GAMPXH$GAMPXMGAMPXnG+GAMPXCIGAMPXGAMPXlRUGAMP1OPRAXDStMlX)W. Q 2S72PMwp Z*